Orleans, Ontario, K1C 7H8
E-MAIL ckirk@orienteering.ca
Tel: (613) 830-1147 FAX: (613)830-0456


Vol. 28 No. 4 WINTER 2000

ISSN 0227-6658


November. A large number of orienteers participate in outdoor activities in all seasons moving from orienteering to XC skiing as easily as changing from to t-shirts and O-suits to parkas and ski suits.

With a new orienteering season `just around the corner', clubs and associations turn their attention to developing new maps, establishing meet schedules, identifying meet organizers, course planners, controllers etc. The bulk of this work seems to be carried on the shoulders of a small number of dedicated members who have performed yeoman service to the sport of orienteering for many years.

Meet organization can be just as satisfying as competing. Consider the advantages: Others don't know you spent an hour determining the correct location to place a marker; you can spend an entire day in the woods hanging/checking markers rather than the normal 60-90 minutes in an event; you don't have to pay a registration fee for doing so; you can discuss routes, flag locations, indistinct trail junctions, etc. with confidence rather than uncertainty.

Orienteering is a participation based sport that depends upon the members to a much greater degree than most other activities. Do your bit for your club, association and orienteering by volunteering to assist in local area meets. If you don't feel you have the technical `know how' to plan courses or hang flags then volunteer to assist with registration, time keeping; provide Beginner instruction - remember the concerns and questions you had at your first event?

Get involved. Make 2000 Your Year to Volunteer.


Canadian Championships New Brunswick
2000 Sanctioned 'A' Meets Schedule
Winter Orienteering in the Southern Hemisphere
Winter Orienteering in the Northern Hemisphere
Yukon OA Juniors compete in Arctic Winter Games
Nova Scotia - First O-Event of the Millennium
Asia Pacific O Carnival
COF Ombudsman
International Standards for Orienteering Maps
COF and Association Contact


In this, the first issue of Orienteering Canada of the new millennium, I extend my best wishes to all orienteers; juniors, seniors, super seniors, elite and recreational. May the year 2000 bring you good health and a wonderful year of orienteering.

At this time of the year orienteers are eagerly awaiting the start of the new season. Some members, in need of a mid season `fix', welcomed in the new Millennium by competing in the 2000 World Masters Championships in New Zealand. Closer to home a group of Nova Scotian members braved the Winter chills to compete in a Halifax park meet - perhaps a challenge to the annual `polar bear plunges' held in several Canadian cities and towns. This may be a novel way to bring orienteering to the attention of the media as most `polar bear' events receive mention in newspapers and television news programs.

For most members the orienteering season starts in April/May and continues through October/early
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Rob Hughes, Vice Pres, Orienteering New Brunswick

Here's some information about those venues. To kick off the week, the first event of the series will be the Eastern Canadian Championships on August 1920 at Hillsborough, which is at the northeastern end of the Bay of Fundy, south of Moncton. The event location is in a beautiful area of rolling hills, with mixed forest cover. The map covers a former mining area where gypsum has been extracted for over 100 years. There are numerous pits and "sink holes", some waterfilled, and other fine detail typical of formerly disturbed terrain.

Following this, a national team fundraiser event will be held on August 22, offering the chance to get attuned to the terrain of the Saint John map (Rockwood). The Rockwood orienteering map covers most of Rockwood Park, to the north of the Saint John city centre. The park is rugged, and true to its name, rocky! This is an excellent map with an abundance of fine detail, and numerous rock, water and detailed contour features, together with a network of wellmaintained trails. Rockwood Park also contains a campground and is only a few minutes away from the centre of Saint John.

On August 25, the action moves to Fundy National Park, where a "model event" will be offered. This is an opportunity for some "doityourself" orienteering in an area adjacent to that used for the Canadian Championships on the 26 and 27. Maps will be on offer from 10 am to 2 p.m. There will be no official timing...just pick up a map and orienteer on the course of your choice at whatever pace suits you. Club members will be on hand for advice and help.

Fundy National Park borders the Bay of Fundy to the south, with some steep cliffs, and extends inland about 10 miles. The park is about 80 square miles in area and has many walking trails and several camping areas (including wilderness sites). The hills reach just over 1000 feet in elevation, with rivers flowing in steep ravines. There are great views from clifftop trails out over the Bay. The tidal range in the upper Bay of Fundy is the largest in the world at (30 40 feet at the head of the Bay. OK, 1012 metres) which means tide watching can be fun while having a picnic overlooking the beach. You might also spot some whales. Best of all, the orienteering map promises to please. It has been produced from 1999 aerial photography, a new base map, and 1999 fieldwork by Bryan Chubb, one of Canada's most experienced mappers.

If you've visited the Canadian Maritime Provinces you already know that this is a great summer vacation destination. If you haven't, then it's high time you did! This year you can't put it off any longer, because in addition to all that the region has to offer, a whole week of orienteering events will be going on. Orienteering New Brunswick is hosting the Canadian Orienteering Championships, which will take place in Saint John and Fundy National Park, both on the Bay of Fundy coast in southern N.B.

There will be a week of orienteering challenge and fun, the like of which has not been seen in the Maritimes since 1993, when ONB last put on the national champs. As well as the Cook's, the August 2000 orienteering fest in New Brunswick will include the Eastern Canadian Championships in Hillsborough, a national team fundraiser/fun event and an open model event ahead of the COC races, to get the feel for the local forests and the quality of the mapping.

A social evening is also planned. These COC events offer something additional this time: the Short distance race in Saint John and day 1 of the Classical event in Fundy Park are designated as World Ranking Events . Scott Donald from British Columbia will be acting as WRE Controller on courses 7 and 8 on both occasions.

New Brunswick is fiercely proud of its homegrown orienteering talent! Some of the best orienteers in Canada are from these eastern parts. In 1999, five out of the nine members on the national team competing at the world championships in Scotland were New Brunswickers. The high level of competitive experience of these athletes and the knowhow of the families and home clubs that trained them, translates into quality events for everyone to enjoy. That means you! Maybe there's something special about our Maritime terrain. Why not come along and try it out?

Communications in the region are getting better and better. Most of the Fundy coast region is now served by new, twinlane highways from the Maine border in the southwest (highway 1), through to Moncton at the eastern end (transCanada highway, route 2). The event venues are easy to get to by short drives off the major routes. By air you can choose to fly into Saint John, Moncton or Fredericton. From there the best bet is to rent a car to get to the event venues.

For the evening of the 26th a social gettogether is planned in Alma, a small seaside community adjacent to Fundy Park.

What about the weather? August days in central and southern New Brunswick typically have a high temperature around 2425C and a low about 1215C. Near the Fundy coast, day temperatures are a few degrees cooler due to proximity to the Bay of Fundy. The Bay is always cold due to all the tidal mixing. Nights are similar or a bit milder. Just about anything is possible in the way of storms or downpours, but we can be pretty sure it won't snow. In terms of bugs, there may be a few mossies left, but the blackflies should be all gone.

We're very pleased about our World Ranking Event sanctioning. We know a number of top North American and European contenders are planning to attend, which will add some additional colour and pizazz to the proceedings. If you miss all this...well, you'll wish you hadn't, won't you?

Maybe you can't wait until August to go orienteering in New Brunswick. We'd certainly like to see you sooner if you can come....our regular events startin April. Check the Orienteering New Brunswick web pages for up to date details,


For details on the COC 2000 events, we have a few information pages, which you should check:

http://www.fan.nb.ca/fan/info/ip_info/onb/coc2000 /index.html.

This link will give you full details, including map snippets, fees, application details, as well as pointing you to other NB links of interest (e.g. places to stay). If you have any other enquiries, please call our COC event coordinator Stig Skarborn at 506 452 1804, or shoot him an email:

skarborn@brunnet.net. We look forward to welcoming you!

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Date Event Location Contact Tel/Email

May 21 Ottawa OC Wakefield Pat de St Croix (613) 489-2316


June 4 New Brunswick Fredericton Barbara St Laurent (506) 459- 4827

Champs raystl@nbnet.nb.ca

June 10-11 Alberta Champs Dalmuir Mary Lou Hogg (780) 452-2467


July 1- 4 Western Canadian Calgary Bill Jarvis (403) 257-2153

Champs bjarvis@nt.com

Aug 19-20 Eastern Canadian Hillsborough Wil Smith (506) 887-2030

Champs smithwe@nbnet.nb.ca

Aug 23 Canadian Champs Rockwood Luella Smith (506) 887-2030

Short smithwe@nbnet.nb.ca

Aug 26-27 Canadian Champs Fundy Stig Skarborn (506) 452-1804

Classic skarborn@brunnet.net

Sept. 16 Yukon Champs Whitehorse Barbara Scheck (867) 668-2306


Sept. 16-17 Overlanders OC Smokey Lake Doug Dowell (780) 435-2351

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2000 World Masters Championships - New Zealand

Twenty COF members competed in the 2000 World Masters Championships in New Zealand, January 3-7 - the first major orienteering competition of the new millennium. The 1999 WMC was held at Aarhus, Denmark, July 18-27, less than 6 months prior to WMC 2000.

The WMC program consists of 2 Qualifications races and a Final. Total Times from the two Qualification races selects competitors into A, B and C Finals. Total Times also determine Start position in the Finals - Fastest Time starts last; second fastest starts second last..

M35A 33 - James Baker (FWOC) 116.46

36 - Marek Dutkiewicz (GVOC) 123.01

M40A 36 - Adrian Zissos (FWOC) 96.29

61 - Ian Schokking (PGOC) 125.16

82 - Richard Obreiter (FWOC) Mispunched

M45A 70 - Richard Mathews (GVOC) 121.21

71 - Allan Stradeski (Sage OC) 124.35

M50A 64 - Geraint Edmunds (EOOC) 94.07

M55A 32 - Brian Ellis (GVOC) 63.02

M55B 28 - Nigel James (VNOC) 57.30

M60A 66 - Scott Donald (KOC) 97.32

M70A 27 - Don Scott (EOOC) 70.48

W35A 31 - Melanie Dutkiewicz (GVOC) 131.42

- Catherine Hagen (PGOC) Mispunched

W40A 55 - Jennifer Eastwood (GVOC) 148.31

W45A 25 - Mary Lou Hogg (EOOC) 82.37

W50A 34 - Margaret Ellis (GVOC) 75.38

66 - Marilyn Edmunds (EOOC) 132.05

W60A 23 - Shirley Donald (KOC) 64.58

W65A 33 - Jean McNaughton (FWOC) 135.10


Best Canadian in the Qualification races was Catherine Hagen who won both W35 qualification races earning the last start position in the final. Catherine appeared likely to win a medal with gold a distinct possibility. Unfortunately she mis-punched mid way through the race and was disqualified. Split times indicate Catherine had made some errors in the early stages and was in 3rd place at the control prior to her mis-punching.

The 1st and 2nd place finishers: Tuulikki Salmenkyla (Finland) and Britt-Mari Bengtsson (Sweden), were comfortably ahead of Catherine prior to her error and it is unlikely she could have caught either. Catherine, in turn, had a 5 minute margin over the eventual 3rd place finisher and without the MSP would probably have finished 3rd. An unfortunate ending to a promising start.


1. Top North American placing was a 2nd place in W55 by Sharon Crawford, multiple time member of the US national team and winner of numerous US championships. The W55 winner, Carol McNeil (UK) won in a time of 38.22 with Crawford 2nd in 45.06 and Syvatera Hillevi (Finland), 3rd in 45.07. Prior to the emergence of Yvette Baker-Hague, McNeil was the superstar of the British national team.

2. The most predictable winner prior to the WMC was Jorgen Martensson (Sweden) in the M40 class. Martensson, a double winner of the WOC Classic, retired from the Swedish national team prior to the 1999 WOC while still rated a serious medal contender. He won the M35 class in the 1999 WMC - his first WMC.

3. Two other former WOC champions competed but with less success than Martensson: 1968 WOC champion, Stig Berge (Norway), 13th in M55; 1978 & 1979 WOC champion, Egil Johansen (Norway), - 14th in M45.

2000 World Rogaining Championships

The Fourth World Rogaining Championships were held in New Zealand on January 15-16 (the week after the Masters World Orienteering Championships). This was the first of three events that comprise the 2000 World Marathon Trophy - the other two events being: 19th Raid IGN-Francital - June 11-12; Slovenian Orienteering Marathon Championships - October 14-15.

Several Canadians competed in the event: Scott and Shirley Donald, Jennifer, Kevin and Lindsey Eastwood, Catherine Hagen, Nigel James, Brendan Mathews, Allan Stradeski (all from BC) and Pam James (Halifax).

Catherine and Pam were defending the Open Women title they won in the 1998 WRC at Kamloops. This time they had to settle for 2nd place behind the duo of Rachel Smith (New Zealand) and Encarna Maturana (Spain).

Another Canadian medal winner was Nigel James who teamed up with USOF member Richard Opsahl to finish 3rd in the Senior Veteran Men class.

First place in the Open Men class went to the team of Greg Barbour (NZ) and David Rowlands (Australia). Barbour and Rowlands finished second in the 1998 championships.

Encarna Maturana and Greg Barbour are a married couple who also competed in the 1999 WOC - Maturana for Spain and Barbour for New Zealand. Maturana placed 40th in the Short and 53rd in the Classic while Barbour was 52nd in the Classic. Barbour competed in Sage Stomp 1998 finishing 1st in the COC M21 and 1st in the NAOC M35. Greg was 3rd in M35 in the 2000 WMC.

US orienteers, Sharon Crawford and Judy Dickinson won the Senior Veteran Women class. Crawford placed 2nd in W55 in the 2000 WMC.

Open Women Points

1 Rachel Smith/Encarna Maturana NZ/Spain 1860

2 Pam James/Catherine Hagen Canada 1690

3 Alexandra Tyson/Jenny Casanova Australia 1680

Open Men

1 Greg Barbour/David Rowlands NZ/Australia 2410

2 Chris Forne/Nick Barrable NZ/UK 2290

3 Jason Markham/Deiter Wolf NZ/Swit 2190

Mark Copeland/David King USA/Canada DSQ

Super Veteran Men

3 Richard Opsahl/Nigel James USA/Canada 780


Allan Stradeski/Brendan Mathews Canada DSQ

Super Veteran Mixed

11 Scott/Shirley Donald Canada

Open Mixed

29 Jennifer, Kevin & Lindsey Eastwood Canada


and the IOF

The IOF has been asked for advice regarding the proposed establishment of the International Rogaining Federation. At its meeting held in conjunction with the 1999 World Orienteering Championships, Council agreed on the following policy:

C Rogaining is a form of orienteering practised in some countries.

C The IOF will not recognise another international sports federation whose objective is either solely or primarily the practice of a form of orienteering.
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Reported by Annette Van Tyghem

It was a beautiful day in Eden Mills - the tracks were set, the flags hung, the skis were waxed, it was approaching 10 a.m. and the participants were poised and eager to start.

Frank Farfan selected the first start time, received his newly created Ski-O map, noted a couple of trail corrections and set off on the two loop, 8.8 km course.

Next off was Jackie Tarnapolsky, an accomplished skier electing to do the medium length course. Jackie was skiing with a handicap that altered her centre of gravity - she was almost 34 weeks pregnant.

Mike Waddington created quite a stir just prior to the start while taking off his warm-ups and unveiling a spiffy racing suit in holstein colours. He observed that the suit was appropriate for the Guelph area, the dairy capital of Ontario. (it was suggested that he was drinking too much milk).

Mark Tarnapolsky led the pack from the start to finish losing no time in the map exchange area. Second fastest through the split was Richard Lay, 14 seconds ahead of Mike. Lev Tarasoff (newest member of the Gator OC and also new to orienteering) and Lumi Duca were next, several minutes behind the leaders. Some time was lost by all when it was discovered a control on the second loop was missing. Many footprints were found in the vicinity but no ski tracks.

After finishing their course the competitors enjoyed hot cider/chocolate, Annette's homemade cookies and Doug/es homemade chili.

Special thanks to Dale and Harold Hamilton, owners of La Mancha farm for use of their property for this event - the start was next to their home. Thanks to Richard, Doug and Laszlo - packing, setting and grooming; Richard - ski tracks; Nick for designing the courses.

Plans are in the works for next years event(s) - maybe even as an Ontario Ski-O championship! We have a few venues in mind -


Terra Cotta

Guelph Lake

Eden Mills


Course 1 (bunny course) - no times taken

Eric Farfan

Emma Duca

Mark Farfan

Dylan Innes

Lyndsey Innes

Jean Dalton

Course 2 4.6 km

Jean Dalton 60.00

Stephanie Tarnapolsky 62.40

John Kokko (new to O) 64.30

Jackie Tarnapolsky 64.40

Natalie Zalyesova 82.06

Cathy Hayhow 91.20

Clive Hayhow 91.20

Svatka Hermanek 82.00 - DNF - but enjoyed the walk

Alexis and friend - did not complete

Course 3 (2 loops) - 8.8. km

Mark Tarnapolsky 28.40 56.33

Mike Waddington 31.50 60.58

Richard Lay 31.36 64.08

Laszlo 35.50 70.44

Lev Tarasoff 40.55 85.03

Frank Farfan 46.20 88.20

Lumi Duca 47.20 93.50

John Markez 68.10 113.20

Frank Rodinger 57.30 119.00

Frank Lindzon 61.30 122.20

Pierre Brassard 125.00

Raymond Chung 150.00

Mark Farfan 135.00

approx -with extended rest between

Marie-Catherine Bruno Double Winner in US

Ski-O Championships

The 2000 US Ski-O Championships were held at Garnett Hill, New York, on January 22-23. COF members, Marie Catherine Bruno, Benoit Letourneau (Quebec), Luma Duca, Nick Duca and Mark Tarnapolsky (Ontario) competed.

Marie Catherine finished first in both the Classic and Short with the US title going to the seemingly ageless Sharon Crawford. The top 4 places in both races were identical.

Women's Classic - 15.0 km

1 Marie Catherine Bruno Que 84.21

2 Sharon Crawford US 88.57

3 Heather Baird US 99.34

4 Lumi Duca Ont 112.59

Women's Short - 7.7 km

1 Marie Catherine Bruno Que 41.12

2 Sharon Crawford US 47.04

3 Heather Baird US 53.38

4 Lumi Duca Ont 57.33

Men's Classic - 23.0 km

1 Scott Pleban US 93.31

2 Benoit Letourneau Que 93.48

3 Mark Tarnapolsky Ont 94.50

4 Owen Baird US 95.30

Men's Short - 8.8 km

1 Scott Pleban US 32

2 Carl Fey US 33

3 Owen Baird US 33

4 Larry Consantino US 34

5 Mark Tarnapolsky Ont 35

The -22 temperature made for difficult skiing - MC notes "it was like skiing on sandpaper"

Congratulations to Marie Catherine on her double victories and to Benoit and Mark for placing 2nd and 3rd in the Classic.
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Yukon OA Juniors compete in Arctic Winter Games

Four Whitehorse OC juniors competed in the 2000 Artic Winter Games winning several medals:

Katherine Scheck - XC Skiing - Juvenile girls - 3rd in 1km Sprint; 4th in 5km Classic (only 5 seconds behind 3rd place); anchored the winning team in juvenile girls 3 X 5km Relay.

Graham Nishikawa - XC Skiing - Junior men - 2nd in 1 km Sprint (missed gold by 3/10 sec); 1st in 5 km Classic; member of 3rd place team in Junior men 3 X 5 Relay.

Land Pearson - Biathlon - Junior men - 9th in 10km individual; member of 3rd place team in Mixed Junior Relay.

The Arctic Winter games are held every two years. The 2002 AWG will be in Nunavut/Greenland. Some events in Iqaluit, Nunavut and some in Greenland.
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Nova Scotia - First O - Event OF the Millennium

You have heard of Y2K? How about a Y-not 10-K instead?

The first (entirely unofficial) orienteering event of the year took place on Sunday, January 2, at Sir Sanford Fleming Park, in Halifax.

Called the "No Snow, Let's "O", this was a one-course only score event - a casual and fun event designed to do nothing but provide an excuse to play outdoors. The event organizer was genial (but black-hearted) Michael Haynes.

Top finishers got bragging rights and everybody's name went into the hat for two gift certificates to the Shillelagh House Restaurant in Truro (among the best fish and chips in Nova Scotia).

It was a pleasant afternoon and everyone finished between 51 and 90 minutes. It was a lovely day.
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Preparations for the 11th Asia Pacific Orienteering Carnival, being held in July 2000 in Queensland, Australia are well underway with a team of over 30 orienteers from the Queensland Orienteering Association involved in developing a 10 day program of competition and social activities designed to make the event a truly enjoyable experience.

The Asia Pacific Orienteering Championships were first held in 1980 in Australia and have been conducted biennially since then on a rotational basis amongst orienteering nations from Asia and those countries with a length of coastline bordering on the Pacific ocean.

The venue for APOC 2000 is the Southern Downs region which is situated 160km south west of Brisbane, the state capital. This region offers some of Australia's best orienteering terrain and is an area of diverse natural and cultural heritage significance, great scenery and many tourist attractions. Warwick, the Event Centre, has a population of about 11,000 and provides a good range of accommodations, restaurants, sporting and recreational facilities.

The Carnival will incorporate sox competitive events over a 10 day period including the Australian Championships and the APOC Individual and Relay Championships. Although it will be in mid-winter in the coolest region in Queensland, the daytime conditions should be ideal for competing, even if the nights will be cold, with frosts quite common.


All areas to be used for the Carnival are within reasonable driving distance of both Warwick and Stanthorpe and have been chosen to provide competitors with technical challenges as well as very pleasant terrain, with little undergrowth and good running on most of the maps. In addition, all car parking will be adjacent to the assembly areas so there won't be long treks to get access to your warm gear after your run.

Spread over ten days, the Carnival begins on 30 June with a model event for the Australian Championships. This model event will be held on part of the Championships map so will give a very good indication of the type of terrain, mapping style and controls to be used the next day. The championships

will be held on a grazing property 40 mins drive south of Warwick which is an area of undulating terrain with scattered granite and is very runnable with predominantly open eucalypt forest and little undergrowth. The next day's Australian Relay Championships are on an adjoining property with similar terrain and we will be using the same assembly area for both days.

Tuesday 4 July will take us up the Goomburra Valley, 45 mins north east of Warwick, for the Southern Downs Championships. Here again, competitors will enjoy some great, runnable forest in predominantly spur/gully terrain although this map will be a bit steeper in parts, especially for those on the longer and mote technically difficult courses.

The APOC Short Course event is on the next afternoon at Leslie Dam, just 15 mins west of Warwick. This area contains an interesting variety of terrain from spur/gully through to complex granite and even an area of detailed erosion. Most of this map is eucalypt forest with open to semi-open areas with some thicker vegetation amongst the granite. However, most of it is quite runnable although the longest courses will have to negotiate some steepness.

On Friday 2 Jul, there will be a model event for the APOC Championships and this will be held on a section of the competition map, so once again orienteers will have the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the terrain and mapping style as well as being able to visit some "typical" control sites.

The APOC Individual event on Saturday 8 July will be held at a venue 15 mins to the west of Stanthorpe. The area will include some flat to undulating, semi-open grazing land with scattered areas of granite as well as the more complex areas of granite, exposed bare rock, eucalypt forest and heathlands. The shorter, easier courses will be on the flatter, more open terrain while the harder courses will go into the more complex areas.

The next day's APOC Relays, situated 15 mins east of Stanthorpe, sees a return to more open, runnable terrain being undulating spur/gully with scattered areas of granite. This partly forested grazing land will provide a very pleasant end
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Occasionally grievances may occur between COF and an individual or an organization. The ombudsman, who sits on the COF Board, provides an added, direct channel to help resolve these issues.

If you have a grievance, it is expected that it would be resolved by the normal channels. If for whatever reason, you feel that the situation is not being treated appropriately, please involve the ombudsman. Do not wait until molehills become the size of Manitoban mountains.

There are several outcomes possible after you bring it to the attention of the ombudsman.

1. It was a misunderstanding. Everyone ends up happy.

2. The problem was identified and resolved. Everyone ends up happy.

3. The problem was identified and will be prevented from re-occurring. You have done service to the community. Maybe you can be happy for that. Everyone else in future will be happy.

4. The problem cannot be resolved. Oh well, at least we will know what to avoid to prevent these unhappy situations again.

So when in doubt, contact the ombudsman. I am pleased to be your present ombudsman and can be reached as shown below. Leave a message as detailed as you wish, or simply say that you have a matter to discuss.

Ray St-Laurent

17 Wallace Lane

Hanwell. NB

E3C 1M6

Tel: (506) 459-4827

email: raystl@nbnet.nb.ca

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From Guidelines to Specifications

Foreword: The revised International Specification for Orienteering Maps (ISOM 2000) came into force on 1st January 2000. This is a summary of a paper written by Andreas Dresen, Head of the "ISOM 2000 Project Team" of the IOF Map Committee.


The first orienteering events were conducted on the basis of the official topographic maps of the respective countries. The scale varied from 1:20,000 to 1:50,000 and the content of the map was determined by the particular type of terrain found in the country concerned.

The call soon came for standardised competition maps paying due regard to the particular requirements of orienteering. The first issue of the ISOM was ratified by the IOF Congress in Doksy, CSSR in 1969. This issue was still not a "specification" but rather a "guideline", although it already contained quite concrete requirements.

The second issue of the ISOM was prepared in 1975. This was the first binding specification for maps to be used in international competitions. In 1982, the third issue of the ISOM saw the light of day, being a systematic further development of ISOM 1975. The fourth issue, ISOM 1990, could build on the foundation of almost 20 years experience of map drawing for FootO.

ISOM 1990 is generally recognised as an almost perfect standard for FootO. It is also a reliable basis for a fair competition, a clear message to organisers of the expected standard of the map, a clear message to athletes what to expect of the map in order to prepare for the competition, and last but not least a set of rules with wide acceptance among competitors and IOF member federations.


A good product can still be improved. The ISOM 1990 are influenced by manual drawing techniques with ink or scribing. The widespread use of computer mapping now permits completely new drawing and printing techniques. In addition to FootO which is still the major form the IOF has included new forms of orienteering it its programme. These new possibilities and challenges obviously have to be incorporated into the ISOM. In the last few years it also became clear that some rules of ISOM 1990 which permitted a certain discretion were being used by mapdrawers for experiments which were not desirable in international IOF events. The revision of the ISOM thus has the following aims:

- existing standards to be adjusted for computer mapping,

- consideration of new printing methods,

- inclusion of other forms of orienteering,

- stop misusing ISOM for experiments in IOF competitions.

ISOM 2000

Using digital cartography, variations of symbols, line widths and screens are limited only by printing limitations. This permits saying goodbye to traditional techniques. However, exact compliance with norms which is possible today also has the undesirable result that lines with a width of 0.125 mm are often only poorly visible on the printed map. This has led to a number of changes in ISOM 2000.

A sideeffect of digital cartography is the possibility of generating colour separations in the three basic colours cyan, magenta and yellow as well as black directly from the data file. In addition to the classic offset process with at least five pure colours it is thus also possible to use 4colour printing as an alternative for orienteering maps. This process has a particular significance to prepare colour printouts using laser and inkjet printers. Unfortunately, it is hard to regulate the colour appearance with 4colour printing and the edges of the lines tend to be blurred. Both effects reduce the legibility of the orienteering map. Despite this difficulty, 4colour printing can be used under certain conditions.

The ISOM 2000 for FootO are the basis of the drawing specifications for maps to be used in other forms of orienteering. Both established technical standards such as line width and screen definitions and the major symbols should be the same for all types of orienteering maps. Despite these common features, special rules for the generalisation and extra symbols and comments are needed for SkiO, MTBO, TrailO, and Park and TownO.

In addition to the general changes in line width and screen specification, ISOM 2000 has further changes specifically for FootO.


It can already be seen that the rapid development of reproduction and printing techniques and the increasing standardisation in the newer orienteering disciplines will soon require a revision of the corresponding sections of ISOM 2000.

Despite the very intensive discussions there are still some detail questions which have not been answered. These will have to wait for the next revision.

The ISOM 2000 can be found at http://lazarus.elte.hu/tajfutas/isom2000


(Prices are subject to change without notice)

1. `A' Meet Organizing Manual (revised 1999) $ 10.00

2. `B' Meet Organizing Manual (revised 1999) $ 10.00

3. Level I Coaching Certification Manual $ 15.00

4. Niveau I Manuel de Certification des Entraineurs $ 15.00

5. Level II Coaching Certification Manual $ 15.00

6. Niveau II Manuel de Certification des Entraineurs $ 15.00

7. Level III Coaching Certification Manual $ 25.00

Postage: 1 - 3 items = $ 2.00 each item

Postage: 4+ items = Actual amount charged

8. COF Competition Rules $ 3.00

9. Armchair Orienteering - Practical Guide to Map

Reading by Winnie Stott $ 15.00

10. Armchair Orienteering II - A Practical Guide to

Route Planning by W. Stott $ 15.00

11. Beyond Armchair Orienteering - W. Stott $ 6.00

12. Fit to Eat Cookbook (2nd edition) $ 6.00

13. Whistles - $1.00 each (sold in multiples of 10)



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Box 62052, Convent Glen P. O.

Orleans, Ontario K1C 7H8

Telephone: 613 830-1147 FAX: 613 830-0456

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$10.00 and over.

AMOUNT OF DONATION:..........................


ORIENTEERING CANADA - 4 issues per year

• Liability insurance coverage

• Eligible to participate in COF programmes - National Coaching Certification Program (NCCP), Officials Certification Program

• Eligible to compete on the course of their choice in any Canadian competition

• Eligible to compete in "O" competitions in any other International "O" Federation member nations

• Enter competitions at lower cost member rates in Canada and U.S. events

• Junior age members eligible to participate in Sass Peepre National Junior Training Camp

• Junior age members eligible to participate in Junior Participation Program

• Eligible for selection to National Squads/Teams

• Squad/Team members eligible to receive financial support to National Championships, Training Camps, World Cup and World Championships

• Participate in competitions organized by certified officials and approved standards

• Standardized rules, categories, maps

Major Benefit: the existence of a National Office is a prime factor for Provincial Associations to receive program funding for administration, staff, travel grants, etc. from their Provincial Government
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PRESIDENT Colin Kirk 925 Chaleur Way, Orleans, Ontario, K1C 2R9 TEL: 613-837-3575 ......ckirk@rtm.cdnsport.ca

FINANCE Sheldon Friesen 200 Main Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3C 4M2 TEL: 204-925-570 ...... moa@mb.sympatico.ca


Promotion - Geraint Edmunds 12908 135A Ave., Edmonton, Alta, T5L 3Z7 TEL: 780-455-1916................envirisk@ican.net

National Teams - Catherine Hagen 3917 Gilbert Dr., Prince George, BC, V2K 4Z6 TEL: 250-563-3916 ..........cathian@netbistro.com

Techn. Standards - Richard James 1872 Garden Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3R6 TEL: 902-425-1345.....rjames@ns.sympatico.ca

Technology - Ray St.Laurant 17 Wallace Lane, Hanwell, New Brunswick, E3C 1M6 TEL: 506-459-4827..... ........raystl@nbnet.nb.ca

Officials Cert. - Annete Van Tyghem 2163 Third Sideroad. Campbellville, Ontario L0P 1B0..........................................TEL: 905-854-3250............annette@gatoro.com


Nova Scotia, OANS Office: Michael Haynes Box 3010 S., Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 3G6 haynesmc@sportns.ns.ca

Nova Scotia, President: Maria Jacobs 5682 Harris Street, Halifax, NS,B3K 1H2 jacobsm@region.halifax.ns.ca

New Brunswick, President: Paul Looker 53 Ridge Way, Grand Bay/Westfield, NB, E5K 1Y9 aplooker@nb.sympatico.ca

Quebec, President: John Charlow #406 - 3615 Ridgewood Avenue, Montreal, QC H3V 1B4 charlow@gowebway.com

Ontario, OCO Office: 2163 Third Sideroad, Campbelleville, Ontario, L0P 1B0 admin@orienteringclubs.on.ca

Ontario, President: Annete Van Tyghem 2163 Third Sideroad. Campbellville, Ontario L0P 1B0 annette@gatoro.com

Manitoba, MOA Office: Sheldon Friesen 200 Main Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 4M2 moa@mb.sympatico.ca

Manitoba, President: Jack Forsyth Box 163, Hartney, Manitoba, R0M 0X0 jaforsyt@snug.mb.ca

Alberta, AOA Office: Barbara Johnson Percy Page Centre, 11759 Groat Road, Edmonton, Alta, T5M 3K6..................aoa@orienteering.sport.ab.ca

Alberta, President: Charlotte MacNaughton... 1239 Colgrove Ave.NE, Calgary, Alta, T2E 5C3 charlottem@merak.com

British Columbia, President Jackie Slavenova #29-1755 MacPherson Ave., Burnaby, BC, V5J 5G9 jslaveuo@sfu.ca

Yukon, President: Charlie Roots 2 Kluhini Crescent, Whitehorse, Yukon, Y1A 3P3 croots@gov.yk.ca

NATIONAL OFFICE: Executive Director: Colin Kirk

Mailing Address: Canadian Orienteering Federation, Box 62052,

SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Non COF members - $12.00 per year. Overseas/USA subscribers send a Postal Money Order or a Bank Draft in Canadian funds payable to the Canadian Orienteering Federation.

ADVERTISING RATES - PER ISSUE: Outside back cover $150.00; Inside back cover $100.00; Inside full page $75.00; One-half page $50.00; One-third page $35.00; Business card size $20.00.

Convent Glen P.O., Orleans, Ontario, K1C 7H8

TEL: 613-830-1147 FAX: 613-830-0456

E-MAIL ckirk@rtm.cdnsport.ca